What is ABCs of the diabetes.

 A for the A1C test (A-one-C).

 B for Blood pressure.

 C for Cholesterol

Managing your A1C (A1C test), Blood pressure, and Cholesterol, will help you lower your chances of having a heart attack, stroke, or other diabetes related problems.

What is A1C test?

The A1C is a blood test that measures your average blood sugar level over the past two -three months. It is different from your daily blood sugar check. For most people with diabetes, the A1C target is below 7%.Lowering your A1C level by just one percentage point can reduce your risk for all complications by 30% to 35%.

High blood sugar can harm your blood circulatory system, eyes and kidneys. Your doctor will likely recommend that you have an A1C test at least twice a year.

The blood glucose targets for most people using a standard, plasma-calibrated blood glucose meter are as follows:

  • Before meals, 70–130 mg/dl
    • 1 to 2 hours after the start of a meal, less than 180 mg/dl

B for Blood pressure

Blood pressure is the force of your blood against the walls of your blood vessels. . For most people with diabetes, the recommended blood pressure target is blood pressure below 140/80 mm Hg.

If your blood pressure gets too high, it makes your heart work too hard. It can cause a heart attack, stroke, and damage your kidneys and eyes.

C for Cholesterol

There are two kinds of cholesterol in your blood: LDL and HDL.

LDL or “bad” cholesterol can build up and clog your blood vessels. It can cause a heart attack or stroke.

HDL or “good” cholesterol helps remove the “bad” cholesterol from your blood vessels.

Ask your doctor

  • What your A1C, blood pressure, and cholesterol numbers are and what they should be.
  • Your goals may be different from other people.