What is type 1 diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes (also called as “diabetes mellitus”) is a disorder that disrupts the way your body uses sugar in your body.
All the cells in our body requires sugar to work normally. Sugar gets into cells with the help of a hormone called insulin. If there is not enough insulin, or if the body stops responding to insulin, sugar builds up in the blood. That is what happens to people with diabetes.
There are 2 types of diabetes. People with type 1 diabetes make little or no insulin. People with type 2 diabetes sometimes also make too little insulin, but more often the problem is that their cells do not respond to insulin.
What are the symptoms of type 1 diabetes? — The symptoms include:
- Intense thirst
- Being very tired
- Blurred vision
- Losing weight
- Urinating often
However type 1 diabetes can also cause nausea or vomiting, belly pain, and panting.
How do I know if I have type 1 diabetes?
Your doctor can do a blood test to measure the amount of sugar in your blood. The test will show whether you have diabetes. If you do, your doctor can then decide whether it is type 1 or type 2 – based on your age, your weight, and other factors.
How is type 1 diabetes treated? — Treatment for type 1 diabetes involves 2 key parts:
- Measuring your blood sugar often, to make sure it does not get too high or too low.
- Using insulin shots or an insulin pump to keep your blood sugar levels in the right range.
Patients having type 1 diabetes also need to carefully plan their diet and activity levels. That’s because eating raises blood sugar, while being active lowers it. so it is important you maintain a good balance between your diet and activity.
How often do I need to see my doctor ?
You will probably need to see your doctor at least 3 or 4 times a year. Sometimes you will need more visits to learn how to manage your diabetes or if your blood sugar is not well controlled.
During your visits, your doctor will want to measure your blood sugar using a test called “A1C test.” This test tells you your average blood sugar level over the last few months.
Your doctor may also check other aspects of your health. For instance, he might check your blood pressure or/and cholesterol.
Why is it important to keep my blood sugar close to normal?
Having high blood sugar can cause serious problems over time. It can lead to:
- Heart disease and strokes
- Kidney disease
- Vision problems (or even blindness)
- Pain or loss of feeling in the hands and feet
- Nerve damage
- The need to have fingers, toes, or other body parts removed (amputated)
Having low blood sugar can cause problems, too. It can make your heart beat fast, and make you shake and sweat. If blood sugar gets really low, it can cause more serious problems, too. People with very low blood sugar can get headaches, get very sleepy, pass out, or even have seizures.
Why is it important to keep my blood pressure and cholesterol low?
patients having diabetes (type 1 or type 2 ) have a much higher risk of heart disease and strokes than people who do not have diabetes. Keeping blood pressure and cholesterol low can help lower those risks. If your doctor puts you on blood pressure or cholesterol medicines, be sure to take them.
What if I want to get pregnant?
Many women with type 1 diabetes have healthy pregnancies. If you want to have a baby, make sure you control your blood sugar really well before and during pregnancy. This will protect you and your baby from related accomplices.