Arthritis Its causes , symptoms , diagnosis and treatment

What is arthritis.

If you feel pain and stiffness in your body or have trouble moving around, you might have arthritis. Actually, “arthritis” is not a single disease; it is an informal way of referring to joint pain or joint disease. There are more than 100 different types of it and related conditions. People of all ages, sexes and races can and do have it. Most kinds of arthritis cause pain and swelling in your joints. Joints are places where two bones meet, such as your elbow or knee. Over time, a swollen joint can become severely damaged. Some kinds of it can also cause problems in your organs, such as your eyes or skin.


Types of Arthritis :

  • Osteoarthritis is the most common type. It’s often related to aging or to an injury.
  •  Rheumatoid arthritis is the most common form .
  • Juvenile arthritis : happens in children.
  • Infectious arthritis is an infection that has spread from another part of the body to the joint.
  • Psoriatic arthritis affects people with psoriasis.
  • Gout is a painful type that happens when too much uric acid builds up in the body. It often starts in the big toe.


Cause Of Arthritis :

Exact cause is unknown but here are some factors that increase the chances of getting it.

  • As you get older, your joints tend to get worn down.
  • Conditions like RA and lupus, are linked to certain genes.
  • Excess weight. Carrying extra pounds makes arthritis in the knee start sooner and get worse faster.
  • Bacteria, viruses, or fungi can infect joints and trigger inflammation.
  • If you go hard on your knees at work — knee bends and you might be more likely to get osteoarthritis.

Some Myths related to Arthritis :

  1. Younger people with joint pain, swelling or stiffness might not even consider arthritis. They would be surprised to learn that people of any age can get it, even children.
  2. Older people accept joint pain as a part of aging that can’t be avoided. They don’t talk to their doctor because they assume nothing can be done about it.

For sure, not every joint ache or pain needs medical treatment, but there are certain signs and symptoms that could signal something more serious than consult the doctor if

  • The pain, swelling, or redness isn’t going away.
  • Your symptoms get worse quickly.
  • You have relatives with autoimmune disorders.
  • You’ve got relatives with other arthritis-related diseases.

Don’t ignore joint pain. In some cases, it can cause damage that can’t be reversed, even with treatment.